Facts About Chickens

1st January 2013

Chickens farmed for meat are called broiler chickens, those farmed for eggs are called egg laying hens.

It is believed that chickens were first domesticated over 10,000 years ago in the far east.

Males chickens are referred to as 'cockerels or cocks' in the UK and 'roosters' in the US and Canada.

Castrated roosters are called capons.

Female chickens, over a year old, are called hens, and younger females are called pullets.

Lifespan between 5 - 10 years.

Domestic chickens are not capable of long distance flight unlike birds.

A group of chickens is called a flock

A coxcomb is the the fleshy red crest on the head of the domestic fowl.

The direct ancestor of the domestic chicken is believed to be the Red Jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) which is a tropical member of the Pheasant family.

Over 29 million eggs are eaten every day in the UK.

Chicken diseases: Chickens are susceptible to parasites including lice, mites, ticks, fleas and intestinal worms.

Bird Flu is a virus known as Avian Influenza

"Which came first, the chicken or the egg?" Answer: Recent studies show that the chicken came first, because of the methodology of evolution. An egg cannot occur unless a a chicken is able to lay that egg.

Chickens are omnivores, this means they eat both vegetables and meat.

Chickens are the closest living relative of the dinosaurcalled the tyrannosaur.

Ameraucana and Araucana can lay eggs coloured in shades of green or blue, depending on the breed.